Tuesday, August 29, 2006

Aryan Invasion Theory - Debunked

University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, Center for Indic Studies

July 3, 2006

Press Release

Scientists Collide with Linguists to Assert Indigenous origin of Indian Civilization

Comprehensive population genetics data along with archeological and astronomical evidence presented at June 23-25, 2006 conference in Dartmouth, MA, overwhelmingly concluded that Indian civilization and its human population is indigenous.

In fact, the original people and culture within the Indian Subcontinent may even be a likely pool for the genetic, linguistic, and cultural origin of the most rest of the world, particularly Europe and Asia.

Leading evidences come from population genetics, which were presented by two leading researchers in the field, Dr. V. K. Kashyap, National Institute of Biologicals, India, and Dr. Peter Underhill of Stanford University in California. Their results generally contradict the notion Aryan invasion/migration theory for the origin of Indian civilization.

Underhill concluded "the spatial frequency distributions of both L1 frequency and variance levels show a spreading pattern emanating from India", referring to a Y chromosome marker. He, however, put several caveats before interpreting genetic data, including "Y-ancestry may not always reflect the ancestry of the rest of the genome"

Dr. Kashyap, on the other hand, with the most comprehensive set of genetic data was quite emphatic in his assertion that there is "no clear genetic evidence for an intrusion of Indo-Aryan people into India, [and] establishment of caste system and gene flow."

Michael Witzel, a Harvard linguist, who is known to lead the idea of Aryan Invasion/migration/influx theory in more recent times, continued to question genetic evidence on the basis that it does not provide the time resolution to explain events that may have been involved in Aryan presence in India.

Dr. Kashyap's reply was that even though the time resolution needs further work, the fact that there are clear and distinct differences in the gene pools of Indian population and those of Central Asian and European groups, the evidence nevertheless negates any Aryan invasion or migration into Indian Subcontinent.

Witzel though refused to present his own data and evidence for his theories despite being invited to do so was nevertheless present in the conference and raised many questions. Some of his commentaries questioning the credibility of scholars evoked sharp responses from other participants.

Rig Veda has been dated to 1,500 BC by those who use linguistics to claim its origin Aryans coming out of Central Asia and Europe. Archaeologist B.B. Lal and scientist and historian N.S. Rajaram disagreed with the position of linguists, in particular Witzel who claimed literary and linguistic evidence for the non-Indian origin of the Vedic civilization.

Dr. Narahari Achar, a physicist from University of Memphis clearly showed with astronomical analysis that the Mahabharata war in 3,067 BC, thus poking a major hole in the outside Aryan origin of Vedic people.

Interestingly, Witzel stated, for the first time to many in the audience, that he and his colleagues no longer subscribe to Aryan invasion theory.

Dr. Bal Ram Singh, Director, Center for Indic Studies at UMass Dartmouth, which organized the conference was appalled at the level of visceral feelings Witzel holds against some of the scholars in the field, but felt satisfied with the overall outcome of the conference.

"I am glad to see people who have been scholarly shooting at each other for about a decade are finally in one room, this is a progress", said Singh.

The conference was able to bring together in one room for the first time experts from genetics, archeology, physics, linguistics, anthropology, history, and philosophy. A proceedings of the conference is expected to come out soon, detailing various arguments on the origin of Indian civilization.
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Damn you Witzel weasel, you have single handedly stolen the raison d' etre of our (pseudo)Indian communist brigade . Skepticism is healthy, but apply it equally. To both sides. Don't worry, eat curry.

5 comments:

  1. Oh.... We know very well that Witzel does not want to accept an Indian Homeland of Aryans. Perhaps he is afflicted by Hitler's views or perhaps he does not want to think that Whites descended from the inferior Indians.

    Leave alone the genetic data.. Can he show a single direct evidence to prove that Aryans were outsiders to India. NO!!!!!

    Why bother about him?????? - Ravi

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  2. I am an Indian. Can you tell me the following:
    1) Who first mooted the idea of Aryan Invasion
    2) When was the AIT made Official
    3) If Sindhu Valley Civilizaton existed 2500 - 1500 BC, the Aryans was never involved in it, then surely Indian Civilization is indigenous. Is it not?
    Please clear these doubts, so that i can make comments on it later. Thanks

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  3. @Anon(Ravi)
    he does not want to think that Whites descended from the inferior Indians
    this is the crux. Now we have a new theory coming out, India Acquired Language, Not Genes, From West, Study Says



    @indian monsoon boy
    1) European indologists.
    2) IMO, never.
    3) Indian civ/IVC is indigenous.

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  4. Aryan invasion theory is totally fake.In ancient Sanskrit texts there is no mention of any Aryan invasion or any kind of Aryan race into the Homeland India.The "Suryavanshi" and "Kshatriya" Kings at the time of "Vedic Civilisation " (dating back to 6000 B.C.) were referred to as "Arya" or "Ayravats" meaning "Noble" or the "one having all good qualities".This was also the time of Rama and Krishna later.One can also get complete detailed records of the entire ancestery of these Kings if they decide to study deep in this matter.The Aryan Invasion theory was only manufactured by some of the European Historians like Max Muller in the 19th century.Later the Ruins of Mohenjodero and Harrapa were wrongly used as an archeological evidence to support this theory.The German and French nationlists were quick to take advantage of this and stamp their supremacy and which was later misused by evil people like Hitler to terrorize innocent Jews.

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  5. Interestingly, 1 of the reasons for Max Muller and other 'historians' for coming up with this theory was because according to the Bible, the world was created around 4000BC and the flood around 2500 BC. Assuming those two dates, it became difficult to get the Aryans in India before 1500 BC. Since the Indus valley culture was obviously older than this, they therefore decided it had to be pre-Aryan/ Vedic.
    But really, it all stemmed from the erroneous dates assumed by the western scholars of the day based on the Bible (which incidentally also made them debunk Charles Darwin's theory of the origin of species as the timelines according to the Bible were too short for mutation to occur!!)

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